THE CITY FAMOUS FOR ITS PRETTY WOMEN
Luka is economic, political and cultural center of Republic
of Srpska and second largest town in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
It is strategically situated on the two banks of the Vrbas
River. On 150 square kilometers live approximately 300,000
Banja Luka has a continental climate - average temperature
in the city is 10, 7 C. The warmest month of the year is July,
with an average temperature of 21.3 °C.
Four rivers flow through the city, which its residents call
"The Krajina's beauty": Vrbas, Suturlija, Crkvena
Banja Luka's friend cities are Patra in Greece, Kaiserslautern
in Germany, Lavov in Ukraine, Moscow in Russia, Kranj in Slovenia,
Belgrade and Novi Sad in Serbia, Graz in Austria and Bari
and Bitonto in Italy.
Banja Luka was once nicknamed the "Green City",
due to its parks, and over 10,000 trees. The area is popular
among nature lovers, while the city center is attractive to
tourists due to its historical structures and many restaurants
BRIEF CITY HISTORY
name Banja Luka was first mentioned in the document of Hungarian
king Vladislav II dated February 06, 1494. For five centuries
the town was under the rule of the Otoman Empire and Austro-Hungarian
Its rapid progress Banja Luka owe to the first "ban"
Svetislav Milosavljević. Thanks to him, Banski dvor and its
twin sister the Administration building, The National Theatre
and The National Museum were built. Further city growth was
stopped by the World War II.
In 1969, a devastating earthquake damaged the city. In spite
of the destruction Banja Luka grew rapidly and became one
of the leading commercial and political centers in Bosnia
WHERE TO GO AND WHAT TO SEE IN BANJA LUKA
The oldest historical monument in the city is the Kastel fortress,
ex stronghold of roman army. This medieval castle is one of
Banja Luka's main attractions. Located on the bank of the
Vrbas river, it gives specific charm to the city.
In overall Banja Luka area there are many medieval monasteries
such as Gomionica, Mostanica and Liplje and the Convent of
"Marija Zvijezda" founded by catholic monks known
Orthodox and catholic churches, as well as mosques are located
in the town center.
Finishing works on rebuilding one of the most beautiful orthodox
shrines, the church of Christ Savior, razed to the ground
during the World War Two, are being carried out.
The reconstruction of the Ferhadija mosque is in progress.
Bonaventura cathedral is in the immediate area of the orthodox
church of Holy Trinity.
The National Museum, The National Theatre, The National and
University Library, Banski dvor cultural center, Children's
Theatre and Modern Arts Museum are the most important cultural
institutions in town.
Hotel "Bosna" is the first hotel in Banjaluka, built
in 1885. Reconstruction of the Hotel "Palas", located
in the town center has been done on the old hotel building.
There are many Cultural Artistic Associations in the city.
The oldest is RKUD "Pelagić" (1927), and it is the
oldest institution of its kind in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The most active cultural and artistic associations beside
Pelagic are "Veselin Maslesa", "Cajavec",
Serbian vocal group "Jedinstvo", Children's choir
"Vrapcici" and other.
In Banjaluka surroundings and in the narrow city area, there
are restaurants for luxurious and elite occasions and celebrations,
as well as the restaurants which offer authentic environment
and rich national cuisine.
Favourite picnic area of the citizens of Banja Luka is Banj
brdo which gives the splendid view on the city, cascades of
na Vrbasu, forests of Manjaca and Kozara
and the Vrbas river.
The city and its surroundings abound with the thermal water
springs (Laktasi, Seher, Slatina, Kulasi, …), which make Banja
Luka region attractive for spa and recreative
Banja Luka is important sports center. Its handball and football
players, boxers and other sportsmen achived exceptional results
in European and World competitions and Olympics.
Also, the city was the host of numerous international sports
competitions. For its wild flow the river Vrbas is considered
one of the most convenient rivers for rafting in the world
and that's the reason why the World Rafting Championship will
be held next year in the canyon of the Vrbas
If you happen to be in Banja Luka, you will find in its closest
vicinity the spas of Laktasi, Slatina, Srpske Toplice, famous
for their successes in treating the cardio-vascular diseases
and hypertension problems, unison the method approved by the
World Health Organisation.
transportation in Banja Luka is exclusively operated by bus
services. Banja Luka International Airport is located 23km
from the city. Also, Banja Luka is the center of the railway
services of the "Railways of Srpska".
A wide range of bus services are available to most neighbouring
towns and every city in B&H, and international bus services
are available to and from Austria, Croatia, Germany, France,
Italy, Montenegro, The Netherlands, Serbia, Sweden, Switzerland