PRIJEDOR, BEAUTY ON THE BANKS OF THE SANA RIVER

The city Prijedor is the second largest town in Republic of Srpska, after Banja Luka, located in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina. It lies on the banks of the Sana River and Gomjenica River and on hills of Kozara mountain, famous for the peoples' mutinies in the previous centuries and struggle against fascism in the World War II.


Prijedor was first mentioned in historical documents as a ground fortress, in letters of Count Adam Batschani during the so-called Viennese war. However, there are many proofs of the town's existence since ancient times and the ancient Roman presence in this region. Many monuments from the Roman age were found in Ljubija and in Zecovi there is Illyrian necropolis from the Iron Age.


The first urban plan of the city was made in 1901 by Austro-Hungarian authorities.
The first forms of organized education can be tracked back in the first half of the 19th century. In 1834 Prijedor had the "Serbian elementary school" that later was transformed into "State school" in 1919.


Magnificent "Mrakovica" monument, the work of academic artist Dusan Dzamonja, was built on Kozara's peak, as the tribute to the victims and heroes of the WWII. Below the monument, there are expanses of coniferous and leaf forests, intersected with the pastures full with mountain wells and springs that extend all the way to the foot of the mountain with the fertile orchards of Potkozarje.

Kozara National Park was established in 1967. Kozara is a tame mountain with all sorts of wild animals: doe, boar, fox, hare, pheasant, wild duck and partridge, which make it a rare game preserve in this part of the Balkans.
The National Park covers 3.375 hectares, and its highest peak Mrakovica (806 m). This is the area with the wells of crystal-clear rivers of Mljecanica, Mostanica, Vojskovacka Rijeka, Bukovica, and with numerous mountain springs. From Mrakovica that is centrally located, there are - stretching in all directions - deep valleys and mountain slopes and steep rocks, with meadows in the middle.

The Park is well connected with the Zagreb-Belgrade highway and with the roads to Prijedor and Banja Luka.
Kozara National Park, with its coniferous and leaf forests, its flowery meadows, its valleys under snow, and its rapid, clear springs full of trout, is a true attraction - summers and winters alike.

 

   
 
  Copyright 2009. IFF "Dukat fest"